Thursday, 19 November 2009

Opening Concepts: The Two Knights Defence

"The Two Knights Defence just loses a pawn." - Nigel Short

The Two Knights Defence is one of those openings that is seen very commonly in the amateur game, particularly in junior events, but somewhat less so in professional events. Nevertheless, I've seen games with it be crucial in such events on at least two occasions: in the final round of the 2006 EU Championship in Liverpool, Nigel Short won on the white side of it against Mark Hebden to win the tournament by half a point (the game from which the above quote is taken), and in the penultimate round of the 2009 British Championship in Torquay, David Howell beat Stuart Conquest on the black side of it, leaving himself needing only a draw in his last round to clinch the title.

So what is special about this opening? Well, as Short's quote pointed out, black must be prepared to gambit a pawn if he's playing this opening. After 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.Ng5, there are only two moves that come into serious consideration. One is the razor-sharp Wilkes-Barre variation, 4...Bc5!?, which may or may not be fully playable, but the player who keeps his head better in the tactics will probably win. This game by the current Hampshire champion is typical of the line.

The rather more sober main line is 4...d5, after which play usually continues 5.exd5 Na5 (not 5...Nxd5? 6.d4 exd4 7.O-O, after which black is struggling to not get completely massacred early on) 6.Bb5+ c6 7.dxc6 bxc6, which leads to the first major fork in the road. White has to do something about the threat to his bishop, and 8.Ba4? is certainly not the answer: 8...h6 9.Nf3 e4 10.Ne5 Qd4 11.Bxc6+ Nxc6 12.Nxc6 Qd5 and white has lost a piece.

The options for white here fall into two categories. The more modern lines, 8.Bd3 (as played by Conquest) and 8.Qf3 (as played by Short), are happy to leave the white bishop on an awkward square with the intention of preventing a central advance by the black pawns. (The latter is often followed by the sequence 8...Rb8 9.Bd3 h6 10.Ne4 Nd5, and it's obvious that the idea of ...f5 and ...e4 will have a big bearing on the sides' subsequent strategies.)

The more traditional line is 8.Be2. Black does not want to allow white to calmly solidify his central position with 9.d3, so in true gambit style, he tends to open up the position here: 8...h6 9.Nf3 e4 10.Ne5 Bd6 pretty much forces white to allow an en passant capture. While 11.f4 is perfectly playable - indeed, David Spence once beat me with it -, the main line is 11.d4 exd3 12.Nxd3, after which black's compensation for the pawn is clear. He'll be able to gain a tempo with ...Qc7, and castle, develop the bishop somewhere, and put the rooks on d8 and e8.

This is exactly what happened on Monday night in the game Nash-Sandon at Barnstaple, which continued 12...O-O 13.O-O Qc7 14.h3 Bb7 (I don't like this move much, as it happens; I'd probably have put the bishop on f5, with ...Bxh3 ideas potentially in the air) 15.Bf3 Rad8 16.Nc3, reaching the position above. There's certainly plenty of play for black in this position, despite his pawn minus. His knight may be able to come back in via c4 and e5, he may be able to activate his bishop with ...Ba6 or ...Bc8 to put pressure on d3 or h3, he may even have a well-timed ...c5 and ...c4 in the air.

The clue to what actually happened in the game is the "well-timed" in that last sentence. Peter Sandon tried an immediate 16...c5?, which immediately handed the advantage to white after 17.Nb5. After that, he got outplayed in the pawn-down position. That's the risk you take with gambit play; if your timing is out, you can end up, as Nigel Short said, having just lost a pawn.

1 comment:

  1. The current Beacon Junior champion plays much more sanely!: